Jul. 22nd 2023 Scientific papers

Longitudinal assessment and determinants of short-term and longer-term psychological distress in a sample of healthcare workers during the COVID-19 pandemic in Quebec, Canada

INTRODUCTION : Previous research has demonstrated the negative impact of the COVID-19 pandemic emergency on the wellbeing of healthcare workers. However, few research contributions reported a longitudinal evaluation of psychological distress and examined determinants of its duration and course over time. The present study aims to explore the impact of the pandemic emergency on HCWs mental health by adopting a longitudinal design and assessing mental health as combination of overlapping clinical symptoms (post-traumatic stress disorder, depression and anxiety).

Methods: Data were collected weekly through a mobile application during and after the first wave of COVID-19 in the province of Quebec, Canada, in 2020.

382 participants were divided int three groups:

  1. “resilient” (RES) if they did not manifest clinical-level psychological distress during monitoring.
  2. “short-term distress” (STD) if distress exceeded the clinical threshold for 1–3 weeks.
  3. “longer-term distress” (LTD) if it occurred for four or more weeks, even if not consecutively.

Results: In our sample, almost two third (59.4%) HCWs did not manifest moderate or severe distress during the monitoring time.

  • Short-term distress was the most common distress response, affecting almost one third of participants.
  • Longer psychological distress occurred only in a smaller percentage (12.6%) of cases, as a combination of severe posttraumatic, depressive and anxiety symptoms.
  • Perceived occupational stress was the most significant risk factor; moreover individual, peritraumatic work and family risk and protective factors, were likely to significantly affect the stress response.

Authors : Filippo Rapisarda, Nicolas Bergeron, Marie-Michèle Dufour, Stéphane Guay, Steve Geoffrion

For full article, Click here !

Read our other news

Mar. 17th 2024 Scientific papers

Screening for Psychological Distress in Healthcare Workers Using Machine Learning : A Proof of Concept

When under strain, healthcare workers (HCWs) may develop a state of sustained or high work-related stress. High exposure to[...]

Learn more
Nov. 26th 2023 Scientific papers

Mobile Applications for Individuals Affected by a Traumatic Event: A Systematic Review of Qualitative Findings

Video Abstract Access to effective interventions aimed at reducing the mental health consequences of exposure to traumatic[...]

Learn more
Nov. 19th 2023 Events

Midis à savoir : Psychological trauma and associated risks

Midis à savoirs is an initiative of the CIUSSS de l’Est de l’Île de Montréal’s multidisciplinary center[...]

Learn more